US Sees Largest Measles Outbreak Since 2000
"If we are serious about averting the spread of this unsafe but preventable disease, we need to vaccinate every child, in rich and poor countries alike", UNICEF executive director Henrietta Fore said in a statement.
In New York City, as of April 24, there were 390 confirmed cases of measles in the boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens, diagnosed since October 2018.
People infected with the virus brought it to the United States from Israel and Ukraine and passed it on to members of their communities, many of whom had not been vaccinated. "So, it's spread by basically coughing and sneezing and breathing in a room", T.D.H. And in recent days, Jewish families have been gathering for Passover meals.
Transmission of the measles virus from a pregnant woman to her fetus (congenital measles) has been reported in neonates born to women who had measles within 10 days of delivery.
Health officials say the best prevention against measles is getting two doses of a MMR vaccine after the age of one.
"We are taking the threat posed by a rise in measles cases very seriously and are committed to taking action to keep Illinoisans safe", Democratic Gov. J.B. Pritzker said in a news release. But it has made comebacks since then, including 667 cases in 2014.
Most of the cases have emerged in communities with low rates of vaccination, fueled by anti-vaccine messages, many times posted on social media.
"Many parents are afraid".
But an analysis of data from both state and local health departments found 681 cases of measles across 22 states. "It's not so easy to discern what is real and what is not". However, a very small fraction of those infected can suffer complications such as pneumonia and a unsafe swelling of the brain. No deaths have been recorded this year.
Similar efforts have eradicated several once-common diseases throughout the entire Caribbean - including endemic smallpox in 1971, polio in 1994, and rubella and congenital rubella syndrome in 2015, according to the Caribbean Public Health Agency.
A source familiar with the measles situation in the United States previously told CNN that of the 626 cases of measles that federal officials counted as of last week, 72% are unvaccinated, and 18% have an unknown vaccination status. Health officials are expected to declare that outbreak over if no more cases are reported by later this week.
Tens of thousands of cases have been reported in Africa and Europe.
Up to now, the biggest single US measles outbreak in recent years was in 2014, when 383 cases were reported in the Amish community in nine OH counties. But the "anti-vaxxer" movement has made inroads among the ultra-Orthodox, even though they have little exposure to the internet.
"The reason we have a vaccine for this virus is it is highly contagious so it can be caught just being in a room with a person, and two hours after they leave the room, it's still a concern", explained Dr. Amanda Storey of Grant Primary Care in Marshall County, a neighboring county to DeKalb County, where Fort Payne is located.
This announcement said 'any person receiving these summons is entitled to a hearing, and if the hearing officer upholds the summons, a $1,000 penalty will be imposed.
It's not that measles has been eliminated in the United States, it's that the memory of measles has been eliminated, he explained.