Dentistry is a branch of medicine that is dealing with the study of teeth, their structure and functioning, their diseases, methods of prevention and treatment, and also conditions and disorders of oral cavity.
Dentistry as a word has Ancient Greek roots (meaning 2 combined words: mouth + science). That definition is still a correct one, because dental medicine is not limited to teeth problems, although to general public that is the main association, but also is dealing with functions and disorders of maxillofacial area.
History of dentistry is an ancient one – it has been developing together with the human civilization history, with the first found evidence of dental medicine dated approximately 7000BC and comes from Ancient Egypt.
Dental treatment is required by people all around the globe. The most common oral diseases are caries (tooth decay) and periodontitis (gum disease). However the field of dental medicine is much wider: teeth removal, restoration of teeth, scaling, root canal treatment, dental implants, etc. and some of these procedures require sedation and surgery.
This branch of medicine is considered to be very important for the overall health. Many oral diseases are self-limiting, but poor oral cavity hygiene can lead to poor general health. New researches suggest that oral health mirrors your overall health condition, and also that good oral health may even prevent some diseases from occurring. Approximately 90% of all systemic diseases (kidney and heart diseases, leukemia, diabetes, oral cancer, etc.) have oral manifestations, so your dentists can be the first one to diagnose health problems in the early stages.