Dental treatment includes restorative (dental restoration, crowns, bridges), orthodontics (braces), prosthodontic (dentures), endodontic (root canal), oral surgery (teeth extraction), periodontal (gum) therapy, maxillofacial surgery, implanting procedures.
Dental restoration or dental filling is a special restorative material used to restore teeth structure integrity. Usually it is used if teeth are suffering from caries or external trauma.
A crown completely caps or encircles a tooth or dental implant. They can be made by a variety of materials (gold, metal, porcelain) and are typically bonded to the teeth using the dental cement. Crowns are used when a large cavity threatens the ongoing health of tooth.
A bridge is a fixed dental prosthesis used to replace a missing tooth (or several teeth). Bridges can be made directly in the mouth using composite resin, or can be made externally (possible materials include porcelain, gold, metal), depending on the way they anchor to the adjacent teeth.
Braces are used to position teeth with regard to a person’s bite. They help to align and straighten teeth and are used to assist during the shaping of jaw.
Dentures are prosthetic false teeth. They are supported by the surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. Their purpose is to replace missing teeth.
Root canal therapy is a treatment of the infected pulp. This procedure is performed to eliminate the infection and protect the tooth from future microbial invasion. Root canals are hollows within a tooth inhabited by nerve tissue, blood vessels and other cellular entities.
Gum therapy has a wide list of procedures. It can be performed when gum tissue development is required, when roots must be covered, when bacteria causes the gums inflammation (gingivitis or its advanced form – periodontitis), etc.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is performed during various injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and oral tissues.
Dental implants are surgical components that support dental prosthesis (crowns, bridges, etc.).