Common Dental Diseases

Gingivitis is a periodontal disease. It is a non-destructive disease that most commonly appears as a plaque on teeth surface and gums. Good oral hygiene can fully cure of gingivitis. However if left unattended, it will result in gums inflammation and bleeding, and then progress to periodontitis.

Periodontitis is characterized by a loss of supportive bone structure caused by chronic gingivitis. The disease will result in the loosening and the subsequent loss of teeth. Periodontitis is caused by bacteria that adhere on tooth surfaces, along with the aggressive immune response against these microorganisms.

Caries is a process of teeth destruction by bacteria. The tooth changes its color to yellow or even black sometimes, complications usually include tissue inflammation, infection or abscess formation. If not cured results in cavities appearance (holes in teeth) and then in tooth loss. Bacteria makes acid from food debris on tooth surface, and teeth hard tissues are destroyed by that acid (enamel, dentin).

Abscess is localized collection of pus. The pus is usually located in the soft pulp of tooth or at the tip of the tooth’s root. It is usually caused by broken teeth, tooth decay, failed root canal treatment or periodontal disease.

Pulpitis is an inflammation of the dental pulp. It usually occurs when caries reaches the dental pulp or when infection enters through tooth fracture. Pulpitis causes severe teeth ache. It happens because the blood pressure starts building up in pulp cavity after pulp inflammation, and that pressure affects the tooth nerve. Sometimes the pressure can be so excessive that a person fells pain a few teeth simultaneously, thus making it difficult to locate the source of pain.

Pericoronitis is inflammation of the soft tissues surrounding the crown or a partially erupted tooth. The soft tissue covering the partially erupted tooth is called an operculum. Infection can also be caused by food particles trapped beneath the gingival flaps. Symptoms typically include discomfort on chewing and swallowing, localized pain, limitation on movement on the jaw opening, facial swelling.